The European Commission has published its sixth list of Projects of Common Interest/Projects of Mutual Interest (PCI/PMI), or key cross border infrastructure eligible for accelerated permits and grants, which includes hydrogen projects for the first time.

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A PCI (linking two or more EU member states) or PMI (between EU and non-EU countries) would be given a binding three-and-a-half-year time limit on permitting, as well as the ability to tap the €5.84bn energy provision in the Connecting Europe Facility for funds, or the host member states for extra investment.

The latest list was the first to assess projects against mandatory sustainability criteria before inclusion.

PCI/PMI status has been allocated to 65 proposed hydrogen-related facilities (listed below), including H2 pipelines, electrolysers, ammonia or liquefied hydrogen import terminals and storage infrastructure, in a bid to build-out a cross-border trade and import routes between EU member states.

The European Commission, which evaluated applications for inclusion in the list from a total of 147 H2 projects, noted in its delegated regulation for the PCI/PMI list that there is “a backdrop of significant uncertainties of information on current and future supply (European or imports from outside the EU) and demand of hydrogen”.

“Data on current or projected demand and supply of renewable hydrogen was mainly collected from Member States and further corroborated with additional sources such as Fuel Cell Hydrogen Observatory (FCHO) for current figures, European Commission own modelling, data from the European Network of Transmission and System Operators (ENTSOG), the European Clean Hydrogen Alliance, and the International Energy Agency data,” it added.

The vast majority of the proposed projects given PCI or PMI status are in Northwestern Europe, with nine in Central Eastern or Southeastern Europe and three in the Baltics.

Notably, the H2Med corridor between Portugal, Spain, France and Germany, including the subsea BarMar pipeline expected to cost €3bn, has been given PCI status, despite murmurs from the industry that the project would be “dead-on-arrival” due to cost.

The sixth PCI/PMI list is now due to go to European Parliament and the Council of the EU for a two-month scrutiny period, although this does not include any possibility for amendments. After this, the legislators can choose to approve, deny, or extend the scrutiny period for the list by a further two months.

Hydrogen projects in the sixth PCI/PMI list

Hydrogen interconnections in Western Europe (HI West):

Projects of common interest developed in the region:

9.1 Corridor Portugal – Spain – France – Germany:

  • 9.1.1 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Portugal
  • 9.1.2 Hydrogen interconnector Portugal – Spain
  • 9.1.3 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Spain
  • 9.1.4 Hydrogen interconnector Spain – France [currently known as BarMar]
  • 9.1.5 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in France connecting to Germany [currently known as HyFen]
  • 9.1.6 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Germany connecting to France [currently known as H2Hercules South]

9.2 France – Germany cross-border hydrogen valleys:

  • 9.2.1 Hydrogen valley in Germany to the French border [currently known as RHYn]
  • 9.2.2 Hydrogen valley in France to the German border [currently known as Mosahyc]

9.3 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in France to the Belgium border [currently known as Franco-Belgian H2 corridor]

9.4 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Germany [currently known as H2ercules West]

9.5 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Belgium [currently known as Belgian Hydrogen Backbone]

9.6 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in the Netherlands [currently known as National Hydrogen Backbone]

9.7 Hydrogen interconnectors National Hydrogen Backbone (NL) – Germany:

  • 9.7.1 Hydrogen interconnector from the North-South backbone in East to Oude (NL) - H2ercules North (DE)
  • 9.7.2 Hydrogen interconnector from the North-South backbone in East to Vlieghuis (NL) – Vlieghuis – Ochtrup (DE)
  • 9.7.3 Hydrogen interconnector from Netherlands to Germany (currently known as Delta Rhine Corridor H2)

9.8 Offshore hydrogen pipeline Germany [currently known as AquaDuctus]

9.9 Hydrogen interconnector Denmark – Germany:

  • 9.9.1 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Germany [currently known as HyperLink III]
  • 9.9.2 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Denmark [currently known as DK Hydrogen Pipeline West]

9.10 Ammonia reception facilities [import terminals] in Belgium:

  • 9.10.1 Ammonia reception facility Antwerp
  • 9.10.2 Ammonia reception facility Amplifhy Antwerp
  • 9.10.3 Zeebrugge New Molecules development ammonia reception facility

9.11 Ammonia reception facilities in Germany:

  • 9.11.1 Ammonia reception facility terminal Brunsbüttel
  • 9.11.2 Ammonia reception facility Wilhelmshaven (BP)
  • 9.11.3 Ammonia reception facility Wilhelmshaven (Uniper)

9.12 Reception facilities in the Netherlands:

  • 9.12.1 Rotterdam LH2 reception facility
  • 9.12.2 Ammonia reception facility Amplifhy Rotterdam
  • 9.12.3 Ammonia reception facility ACE Rotterdam

9.13 Ammonia reception facility Dunkerque (FR)

9.14 H2Sines.RDAM electrolyser (PT)

9.15 Electrolyser facilities in Spain:

  • 9.15.1 Tarragona hydrogen network electrolyser
  • 9.15.2 Bilbao large scale electrolyser
  • 9.15.3 Cartagena large scale electrolyser
  • 9.15.4 Valle andaluz del hidrógeno verde electrolyser
  • 9.15.5 Asturias H2 valley electrolyser

9.16 Electrolyser facilities in France:

  • 9.16.1 CarlHYng electrolyser
  • 9.16.2 Emil’Hy electrolyser
  • 9.16.3 HyGreen electrolyser
  • 9.16.4 H2V Valenciennes electrolyser
  • 9.16.5 H2Thionville electrolyser

9.17 Electrolyser facilities in the Netherlands:

  • 9.17.1 Enecolyser electrolyser
  • 9.17.2 H2-Fifty electrolyser
  • 9.17.3 SeaH2Land electrolyser

9.18 Electrolyser facilities in the Germany:

  • 9.18.1 GreenWilhelmshaven electrolyser
  • 9.18.2 CHC Wilhelmshaven electrolyser

9.19 Jytske Banke electrolyser (DK)

9.20 Danish Hydrogen Storage (DK)

9.21 Hystock Opslag H2 storage (NL)

9.22 Hydrogen storages in Germany:

  • 9.22.1 Salthy hydrogen storage Harsefeld
  • 9.22.2 H2 Storage Gronau-Epe

9.23 Storage GeoH2 (FR)

9.24 Hydrogen storages in Spain:

  • 9.24.1 H2 storage North – 1
  • 9.24.2 H2 storage North – 2

Projects of mutual interest developed in the region:

9.25 Offshore hydrogen pipeline Norway – Germany [currently known as CHE Pipeline]

Hydrogen interconnections in Central Eastern and South Eastern Europe (HI East):

Projects of common interest developed in the region:

10.1 Hydrogen corridor Italy – Austria – Germany:

  • 10.1.1 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Italy [currently known as Italian H2 Backbone]
  • 10.1.2 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Austria [currently knowns as H2 Readiness of the TAG pipeline system]
  • 10.1.3 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Austria [currently known as H2 Backbone WAG and Penta West]
  • 10.1.4 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Germany [currently knowns as HyPipe Bavaria – The Hydrogen Hub

10.2 Hydrogen interconnector between Czechia and Germany:

  • 10.2.1 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Czechia towards Germany
  • 10.2.2 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Germany [currently known as FLOW East - Making Hydrogen Happen]

10.3 Hydrogen interconnector between Greece and Bulgaria:

  • 10.3.1 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Greece towards the Bulgarian border
  • 10.3.2 Internal hydrogen infrastructure in Bulgaria towards the Greece border

10.4 Generic corridor aiming to transmit hydrogen from Ukraine to Slovakia, Czechia, Austria and Germany

Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan in hydrogen (BEMIP Hydrogen):

Projects of common interest developed in the region:

11.1 Hydrogen interconnector between Sweden and Finland [currently known as Nordic Hydrogen Route – Bothnian Bay]

11.2 Hydrogen interconnector between Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Germany [currently known as Nordic-Baltic Hydrogen Corridor]

11.3 Hydrogen interconnector between Sweden, Finland and Germany [currently known as the Baltic Sea Hydrogen Collector]

Source: European Commission